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赏鉴:精美牙制品

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中国牙雕刻有着极其悠久的历史,始于新石器时代。中国牙雕刻经过数几千年的发展,清代中期陆续形成了若干个相对集中的中心生产地,主要以广州、苏州、北京为代表。各个中心生产地之间既在题材和形式上保持着各地的风格特色,同时又互相渗透,在技术上有交流。20世纪70年代后,随着交通便捷,讯息技术的发展,各地牙雕艺人频繁交往,切磋技艺,取长补短,各地区的地方牙雕的色彩,一方面在增加,形成了北京、广州、上海、云南、南京四个主要地区,其他还有天津、福州、乐清等地,另一方面他们之间的风格也逐渐的淡化,这是一个必然的趋势。精细工整,玲珑剔透的广州牙雕以广州为代表,故称之广州牙雕,北京牙雕具有了雍容华贵的宫廷艺术品格。

Chinese tooth carving has an extremely long history, which began in the Neolithic Age. After several thousand years of development of Chinese tooth carving, a number of relatively concentrated central production sites were formed in the middle of Qing Dynasty, mainly represented by Guangzhou, Suzhou and Beijing. Each center production place not only maintains the local style characteristic in the theme and the form, simultaneously permeates each other, has the exchange in the technology. After the 1970s, with the development of convenient transportation and information technology, tooth carving artists from all over the country frequently communicate, learn their skills and learn from each other. On the one hand, the color of local tooth carving in various regions is increasing, forming four major areas of Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Yunnan and Nanjing. On the other hand, the styles between them are gradually being diluted, which is an inevitable trend. Fine and neat, exquisite Guangzhou tooth carving represented by Guangzhou, so called Guangzhou tooth carving, Beijing tooth carving has a magnificent court art character.

美牙制品是指用牙做成的工艺品。牙制品作为一种收藏品,与黄金、白银等财物不同,没有统一的价格标准。现代牙制品一般集中在两个方面,一是纯艺术角度方面的精品,例如在雕工造型结构方面唯美逼真的产品;而另一个就是题材蕴含吉祥如意的精品,如喜庆、财富、安康类等。由于市场上创出高价的牙雕藏品,基本上都属于古董牙雕类,进入市场的数量非常少,因此,一般收藏爱好者很难买得到。

Tooth products are crafts made of ivory. Tooth products as a collection, and gold, silver and other property is different, there is no uniform price standard. Modern dental products are generally concentrated in two aspects, one is pure artistic aspects of fine products, such as in the sculpting structure of beautiful lifelike products; and the other is the theme contains good luck, such as happiness, wealth, well-being and so on. Because the market creates the high price tooth carving collection, basically belongs to the antique tooth carving class, enters the market quantity to be very small, therefore, the general collection enthusiast is very difficult to buy.

精美牙制品2.jpg

长:14.7cm、重:61g/Length :14.7 cm、 weight :61 g

在我国诸多工艺美术中,牙雕刻是具有独特风华的一门。牙属于有机质、表面滑润莹澈如玉,纹理细密规则、易受刀,用之雕刻精巧的器物,即成天然与人工斧凿之美的结合。

In many arts and crafts in China, ivory carving is a unique splendor. Ivory belongs to organic matter, the surface is smooth and clear as jade, fine texture rules, easy to accept knife, with its exquisite carving objects, that is, natural and artificial ax chisel beauty combination.

最初的牙制品只是一种实用工具,以后随着时间的推移,逐渐出现了装饰用品,并成为牙雕工艺的主流。早在商周时代,我国的牙雕工艺就极其发达,后历经汉、唐、宋、元、明代,牙雕工艺更为精湛。

The original ivory product is only a practical tool, and later over time, gradually appeared decoration supplies, and became the mainstream of tooth carving technology. As early as the Shang and Zhou dynasties, China's tooth carving technology is extremely developed, after the Han, Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, tooth carving technology is more exquisite.

精美牙制品3.jpg

长:14.7cm、重:61g/Length :14.7 cm、 weight :61 g

清代,是牙雕工艺的鼎盛时代,牙雕与竹、木、角、金石等小件雕刻一样,成为几案上陈设珍玩。清代前朝,牙雕刻继承了明代的传统,不论在生产技术或艺术创造方面,都有所发展。中期以后,牙雕刻艺术创作方面走向了繁琐堆饰。当时,牙雕刻分宫廷手工艺与民间手工艺两类,宫廷制作者精工细腻,人物、花鸟纹饰多仿绘画笔意,着色、填彩均有一定的章法。虽然如此,但两者是没有绝对区别的,许多宫廷牙匠都是从民间直接招募的。清代的牙雕刻已基本形成江南与广东两大艺术流派。由于文人雅士的偏爱,立意清新典雅的作品出现了,为了获得好的作品,一大批文人画家不仅设计构图,还直接参与雕刻,使牙雕的风格出新的变化。

Qing Dynasty, is the peak age of tooth carving technology, tooth carving and bamboo, wood, horn, stone and other small pieces of carving, become a few cases Chen Shizhen play. In the former Qing Dynasty, tooth carving inherited the tradition of the Ming Dynasty, both in terms of production technology or artistic creation. After the mid-term, the art of tooth carving towards the red tape. At that time, tooth carving is divided into court hand craft and folk handicraft two kinds, court producer fine work, characters, flowers and birds decoration more imitation painting pen, coloring, filling color have a certain rules. Nevertheless, there is no absolute difference between the two, and many court dentists are recruited directly from the folk. The tooth carving in Qing Dynasty has basically formed two major art schools in Jiangnan and Guangdong. Because of the preference of literati elegant, the idea of fresh and elegant works appeared, in order to obtain good works, a large number of literati painters not only design composition, but also directly participate in carving, so that the style of tooth carving new changes.

精美牙制品1.jpg

长:14.7cm、重:61g/Length :14.7 cm、 weight :61 g

总体而言,牙雕刻发展至清代,已逐步向“小品雕刻”的趋势发展,大件牙雕已不常见。文房用具理所当然地成了牙雕工艺的主要部分。主要以文玩、装饰品为主,笔筒、笔架、砚台、墨盒、水墨、镇纸以及一些文具盒、印盒、画托等都比较常见,这些象牙小件多以文人故事、花鸟图案,吉祥题材为装饰,有着浓郁的文人气息。牙雕刻成为文人士大夫以及官宦贵员的案头把玩。

In general, tooth carving developed to Qing Dynasty, has gradually developed to "sketch carving" trend, large tooth carving is not common. The furniture has naturally become a major part of tooth carving. Mainly to play with literature, ornaments, penholder, pen holder, inkstone, ink cartridge, ink, paperweight and some stationery boxes, printing boxes, painting support are more common, these ivory small pieces are mostly literati stories, flowers and birds patterns, auspicious themes for decoration, with a rich literati flavor. Tooth carving becomes a desk for literati and officials.

此藏品放于泉州闽古通今,可议价交易,此件藏品包浆浑厚品相一级年代久远是不可多得的收藏孤品

咨询热线:0595-8207 5752

公众号:闽古通今

官方网站:http://mingutongjin.com/

The collection of this group isplaced inQuanzhou, Fujian, and can be negotiated and traded. The company iscommitted tothe purchase of this collection of precious and rare, with verylittlecirculation. It has the value of collection, the value of the market,the valueof the market, the value of the culture, and the great value oftheappreciation.

Hotline:0595-8207 5752

Public No.: Mingutongjin,

Mina Officialwebsite:http://mingutongjin.com